The Unsung
Creation of Pakistan

This page has principally been inspired by the news item below, which appeared in Time Magazine, 25th January 1932. The story then re-appeared, couched in virtually identical wording, later the same year, in the San Antonio Express, Texas, February 28; and in the Nashua Reporter, Iowa, September 28. It may possibly also have appeared in other parts of the United States of America.

"Long-nosed Viceroy Lord Willingdon took time off from his troubles with Indian Nationalists last week to go to Sukkur on the Indus, in northwestern India. There on a platform glittering with native princes and staff officers, he threw a switch and opened the flood gates of the biggest irrigation project in the world. With British talent for resonant names it is known as the Lloyd Barrage.

In 1923, when he was Governor of Bombay, Sir George Ambrose Lloyd (later better known as Lord Lloyd, Britain's iron-fisted High Commissioner for Egypt) inaugurated the scheme.

Besides two dams which are, respectively, the largest and the second highest in the world, the project includes a network of canals and spillways 6,000 miles long. On it 77,000 men were employed for nine years. It cost $75,000,000 and will irrigate a rainless desert area as big as Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Delaware together. Statisticians figured that the masonry in the Lloyd dam would build a wall six feet high, 15 inches thick and 520 miles long. It should provide farm work for an additional 2,500,000 people.

Immediately after the ceremony Lord Willingdon announced that a knighthood had been awarded to the British designer of the project: Charlton Scott Cholmeley Harrison. Undoubtedly the Lloyd Barrage will do more for the people of northwestern India than anything St. Gandhi has been able to think of, but all its waters could not quench Nationalist pride. India seethed with the news that A. A. Musto, native engineer in charge of construction who spent seven hot summers by the dam site, designed much special machinery, was not rewarded at all."

Sir Charlton and Lady Harrison
unknown occasion,
CIE Investiture, 1928 ?


The San Antonio Express and the Nashua Reporter both successfully buried the story (see left) on the remotest of pages, where it would be exceedingly unlikely to awaken any interest or competitive envy; but both seem nevertheless to have been shamed into tempering the sneers of Time Magazine, by cropping the length of Lord Willingdon's nose, and postponing the sanctity of Mahatma Gandhi. Neither publication would presumably have been aware of the grotesque distortion of truth committed by Time when inventing "a native engineer", called Musto, and "seething India". The hidden agenda of the Empire of Liberty, after December 1773, was undeniably the demolition of the British Empire.



Though Arnold Albert Musto was quite certainly not an Indian "native" engineer, on whose behalf India was "seething" with indignation, it is not impossible that Musto himself had seethed at the seeming lack of recognition of his contribution, and the placatory knighthood had been tardy in its bestowal. Harrison's knighthood had been approved in January, and Musto's in June, 1932.

At the same time, the garbled and bungling reportage of the organ of transatlantic revolutionary liberty, in describing Harrison as the "designer" and Musto as the "engineer in charge of construction", beggars credulity.

Among the many qualities rejoiced in by the allegedly English-speaking population 3,000 miles west of Land's End, accuracy, wit and erudition cannot be said to predominate. Below is another sample of Time Magazine's stunning inability to get its facts right, or to research its news coverage. Sir Walter Raleigh, (1861-1922), was a Scottish scholar, poet and author; a witty fellow who created the Oxford Chair of English Literature in 1904. His letter to his friend, Mrs F.Gotch, was written in 1898, not 1598. He was, indeed, modern.


From Time Magazine, Monday, Nov. 15, 1943. "A cock-simple way of simplifying spelling was proposed last week in the London Times. Arising out of a discussion of Basic English (TIME, Aug. 16; Sept. 20), a letter-to-the-editor purported to quote the great Elizabethan, pipe-smoking Sir Walter Raleigh, who spelled his name three different ways (Ralegh, Rauleygh, Rauley) but never Raleigh. "Sir Walter's" simple suggestion: spell any way you like.

The quotation (supposedly from a letter to one Mrs. F. Gotch in 1598, but obviously modern): 'I have growen wery of spelynge wordes allwaies in one waye and now affect diversite. The chief vertew of my reform is that it makes the spelynge express the moode of the wryter. For instance, if yew are fealin frenly, ye kin spel frenly-like. Butte if yew wyshe to indicate that, thogh nott of hyghe bloode, yew are compleately atte one with the aristokrasy, yew canne double alle youre consonnantts, prollonge mosstte of yourre vowelles and adde a fynalle 'e' wherevverre itte iss requirred. Thysse gyvves a sennsse of leissuure ande quiette dygnittie.'

The Times letter was signed Isaac Bickerstaff, the pseudonym under which Jonathan Swift once hoaxed his public."

Read more:,9171,885219,00.html#ixzz1KGA44Bnr

    Sir Walter Ralegh

Why not grab a magnifying-glass, enlarge the newspaper photograph, left, of Lord Willingdon, and see if the length of his nose is measurable. Whatever its length, it won't be as long as the Lloyd Barrage. Or perhaps the headline could be ascribed to pipe-smoking Sir Walter Raleigh, who spelled his name three different ways (Ralegh, Rauleygh, Rauley) but never Raleigh. ??? The Daily Gazette, published from Karachi, later became The Sind Gazette, and shows the Viceroy Lord Willingdon who inaugurated the canal.

Let us now praise famous men, and our fathers that begat us.
The Lord hath wrought great glory by them.
Men renowned for their power, giving counsel by their understanding.
Leaders of the people by their counsels, wise and eloquent were their instructions.
These were honoured in their generation, and were the glory of their times.
There be of them, that have left a name behind them, that their praises might be reported.
But some there are, which have no memorial; who are perished.
Yet there are people who will tell of their wisdom, and will shew forth their praise.

Adapted from Ecclesiasticus 44

The Unsung: Farewell to the Great Engineer

The Sunday Times, 20 March, 2016

The Unsung: Page Two
Kartar Lalvani
Sir Arnold Musto
monamy descendants
monamy website index


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