Emanuel Bowen 1747
see http://www.davidrumsey.com/maps5919.html


Porto Bello

Bowen's best authorities in 1747 included Philip Durell, who is credited by R.V.Tooley with maps or plans not only of Porto Bello, Carthagena, and Louisbourg, but also Guantanimo, 1740; and Cumberland Harbour, Cuba, 1741. Later he also made a plan of Dunkirk, 1764.

Monamy's type b paintings, the three known elevated perspective views, appear to follow, reasonably closely, the perspective view published by Bowles within four days of the sketch-map of Porto Bello. Who actually drew this printed view is open to question.

see here for the little ship strangely sinking, bottom right

Mortier 1700/1702

According to Bruce Ruiz, the map at left first appeared in Le Neptune François, Vol. 2, No. 28, Amsterdam 1700 by Pierre Mortier. Another source gives a date of 1702. Whatever the year, the map is early and not very accurate; although North points up.

The French map from 1736, below left, seems to have been directly copied, below right, in 1748. It may have been used by Durell as the basis for his sketch in 1739, however, since there are many features in common --- not least the orientation, with North pointing downward and to the left.

These two closely matching maps from 1736 and 1748 are only of interest in this context for comparison with Durell's sketch from 1739/40. The Bellin map, shown below, published 25 years later, is of very considerable interest, however, since, in my view, it is a strong pointer to the date of the painting now attributed to Scott in the National Maritime Museum, and supposedly produced at the same time as his sea-level depiction of the capture. Richard Kingzett, in his Catalogue of the Works of Samuel Scott, published in The Walpole Society, assumes that this view was based by Scott, or a collaborator, on Philip Durell's original plan.

82 x 109: attributed to samuel scott

Neither Durell nor Vernon, to my mind, would be apt to have much truck with Scott, though this would not prevent Scott using the Durell sketch or sketches. This is supposition; but there are better reasons for linking the aerial view with the Bellin map, 1764, shown left, and these are investigated here.

Apart from the two prints published by Bowles, Philip Durell's plan turned up not only in The Monthly Chronicler, but also The Gentleman's Magazine, as shown below. Here it is accompanied by a letter "from on board the Burford". Unlike some of the other letters from on board other ships, this letter is unsigned. However, in 1745 Durell published a signed report on the capture of Louisbourg, and it is reasonable to suspect that this clear and factual account which appeared in The Gentleman's Magazine is by him. Kingzett says that "Captain" Durell was with Vernon on the Burford, although he wasn't yet a captain at this time.

Some of the cartographic details included in the magazine's plan of the towm, such as the careening and watering places, are followed in Bowen's map, at the top of this page. Precisely what the separate contributions of Rentone and Durell were to this cartography is indeterminable. Durell was undoubtedly a map-maker, but he may have learned from Rentone, who had excellent prior knowledge of the coast, and piloted the ships into the harbour. Nevertheless Rentone is explicit in crediting Durell with the map. It is interesting that the plan in the magazine draws attention to the Spanish snow that brought Rentone to London with the news. He was handsomely rewarded, and in April appointed Captain of the Experiment, a new 20 gun ship.

More on Monamy's Porto Bello Paintings

type a

type b

Bruce Ruiz on the History of Porto Bello

Image Sources
French Print of Carthagena
Vice-Admiral Philip Durell
Louisbourg Map Sources     Porto Bello: Scott/Bellin
Alicante     Barcelona     Dunkirk     Gibraltar    Louisbourg     Porto Bello
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