Historical events, mainly of relevance and significance to the fortunes of the Monamy family in Guernsey, during and before the English Civil War and the Interregnum, will be inserted here.
La Paix de Dieu soit ceans, fait le 18 Octobre 1578
de par André Monamy
TIMELINE up to 1660
On Thursday after the Feast of St Andrew the Apostle [30 Nov.] at the Court of J. le Blound, Mayor, William Monamy and 55 other fishmongers of Bridge Street and Old Fish Street, London, were summoned to answer the Mayor and Commonalty and John de Ely, who prosecuted for the King, on a charge of forestalling fish coming to the City by land and water against the Statute of their aforesaid trade, to the damage of the King, the magnates of England, the whole commonalty of London, and the people resorting to the city.
The defendants pleaded not guilty and demanded to acquit themselves by their law. The prosecutors pleaded that as the offence was against the King &c. they could not so acquit themselves. The defendants were ordered to inform the Court whether they wished to acquit themselves in any other way, whereupon they demanded a jury.
The cases were dealt with by three juries of William de Lutone, John Dode, Richard le Barbere of Bredstrete and others, who found the majority of the defendants not guilty.
Five of those charged were found guilty, as follows: William Cros le Bole, Robert Turk and Henry Graspeys were found guilty of buying a boatload of fish and each selling to the other, thus enhancing the price. Robert Baudry was found guilty of hiding his own fish to the scarcity and damage of the people, and adjudged to prison &c; Adam de Fulham was found guilty of taking more lampreys and fish for the King's use than he delivered to the King, thus making a profit.
From: 'Calendar: Roll H: 12 December 1305 - 12 November 1306', Calendar of early mayor's court rolls: 1298-1307 (1924), pp. 228-52.
William Monamy is apparently mentioned in a 'Subsidy Roll 1319: Castle Baynard ward'. William Monamy (fishmonger of Old Fish St): "F mon ami, perhaps a habitual expression" --- seems to be a note by Ekwall, 1951. The mention presumably refers to the charges and acquittals of 1305.
Alhambra Decree. Conversos expelled from Spain. A diaspora of incalculable significance for the subsequent history of Europe. A wave of highly cultured, extremely able and stubborn people flooded across Europe and into the Middle East. Some may have adoped Christianity voluntarily, and remained within the Christian faith; but whatever their professed or secret religion they would have been implacably and permanently opposed to the Catholicism of the Spanish Inquisition, which derived its authority from Rome.
Probable date of birth of Étienne Monamy, of Jersey.
Act of Supremacy of Henry VIII. The break from Rome. England remained Catholic: but Anglo-Catholic.
Queen Elizabeth's Act of Supremacy became law on 8 May 1559, after legislation by parliament for a national church based on the settlement of Edward VI.
On 15 March 1560, Elizabeth confirmed Guernsey's constitutional status. The Grand Charter of Elizabeth is one of a series of English charters and other documents which safeguarded Guernsey's judicial, economic, and administrative autonomy.
Emergence of the Sea Beggars, whose resolute opposition to Spanish rule in the Netherlands eventually triumphed with the establishment of the Dutch Republic.
A church in Southampton was established to allow refugee Walloons to inhabit and carry on their trades in that port. The Elizabethan text reads: Estrangers Walons en la ville de Hampton admise par la magesté de la Royne Elizabeth, l'an 1567. "Two of the most interesting of the churches founded by the refugees are those of Southampton and Canterbury ..... Southampton was resorted to at an early period by the fugitives from the persecutions in Flanders and France. Many came from the Channel Islands, where they had first fled for refuge, on account of the proximity of those places to the French coast. .... forty-two Protestant ministers of religion, besides a great number of lay families ..... " From The Huguenots, by Smiles, 1869, p.105.
First Sunday in April: Andrieu Mon Amy, (his name also appears as Andro Monamy) is recorded as one of a group of eight Channel Islanders who professed their faith and were admitted to Holy Communion in the "Wallonne" church at Southampton.
Andro Monamy (ie Andrieu Mon Amy) was brought before Mr John Crooke, the Mayor of Southampton, on 22nd May 1569, and charged with evading the Customs "in Marche laste".
William of Orange, known as The Silent, the direct ancestor of William III of England, granted letters of marque to a number of privateers manned by crews drawn from all nationalities.
St Bartholomew's Day massacre of Huguenots in Paris. Reputedly instigated by Marie de Medici.
Sablière bearing the inscription La Paix de Dieu soit ceans, fait le 18 Octobre 1578 de par André Monamy.
The Spanish Armada.
Andrieu Mon Amy died in 1591. In the male line he was succeeded by a single grandson, the son of Elie, who died young in 1613.
Birth in Holland of Willem van de Velde, the Elder.
Birth of André Monamy, son of Elie. He died 1680
Death of Elie Monamy, son of Andro Monamy.
Probable birth year of Isaac Sailmaker
22nd June: André Monamy marries his first first wife, Michelle, daughter of Jean Dobrée. She died some time between about 1647 and 1750 at the latest.
First English Civil War.
André Monamy appointed Jurat and one of 12 Parliamentary Governors of Guernsey.
2nd of August: André Monamy, then aged 32, headed a list of seven signatories to a document addressed to "The Right Honourable the Lords and Commons in the High Court of Parliament of England assembled". This was a "Petition of the Island of Guernsey, with Propositions for reducing the Castle there, and also the Island of Jersey, to the Obedience of the Parliament". The six signatures following that of Monamy were those of Henry De la Marche, J.Havilland, Peter Carey, Thomas Dobrée, Robert Russell and Eleazer Le Marchant. The recipients, "upon reading the Petition of the Lieutenant Governor, Commissioners, and the Commonalty of the Island of Guernesey", ordered that they thought "the Particulars fit to be put into Execution, for the Good of that Isle, and the Commonwealth".
Birth of Francis Place
Approximate year of marriage of André Monamy to his second wife, Anne, daughter of Pierre Le Febvre de l'Espine and Catherine Carey, daughter of the Seigneur de Blanchelande..
Birth of Pierre Monamy, son of André Monamy and Anne Le Febvre.
Merchant's mark of André Monamy recorded on a seal dated 1654
Restoration of Charles II. His brother James, Duke of York, appointed Lord High Admiral.
André Monamy dismissed from office of Jurat. Parliamentary government of Guernsey dissolved.
Probable year of birth of André, second son of André the ex-Jurat and Anne Le Febvre.
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