On the first Sunday in April, 1569, Andrieu Mon Amy, also written Andro Monamy, was one of a group of eight Channel Islanders who professed their faith and were admitted to Holy Communion in the "Wallonne" church at Southampton. This church was established par patente du Roy Edouard Sixe et de la Reine Elizabeth.

Transcript of Notes
by Colonel de Guérin
La Société Guernesiaise 1926/27

MONAMY

A family of French origin whose ancestor settled in Jersey early in the sixteenth century, and was permitted to take the oath of allegiance before the Royal Court of Jersey either in 1540 or 1544. (I have mislaid Mrs Messervy's note of this, also one of the trial of a, I think, Gilles Monamy of Saint Lo, who was banished from Jersey for bringing into the Island Holy Water & catholic books at a later date). The first to settle in Guernsey was André Monamy, son of Etienne, of the parish of St Saviour's, Jersey, probably the grandson of the first settler, who bought a house in High Street, now the Savings Bank, at the corner of Berthelot Street in 1569, which he rebuilt shortly after, and one of its beams carved with his name and the date of its erection is now on the wall of the upper staircase of the Guille-Allés Library. He also bought a garden further up Berthelot Street and another to the north of Elizabeth College, which were inherited by his grandson André Monamy the Jurat.

André Monamy, according to the Register of St Peter Port married first, 29th June 1572 Elizabeth Perrin who seems to have died without children. He married secondly, 17th November 1577, Bertranne, daughter of Nicolas Estur and Marie de la Marche, (eldest daughter of John de la Marche, Jurat and Barbe Neant), who married secondly John Fautrart, Jurat, son of Thomas. André Monamy made his will on the 2nd March 1590/1 in the parish of the "Castell" Guernsey, and it seems to have been proved before the Court Probate, London and translated from the French by Denis le Blancq, Notary Public, London 30th July 1591. (Hopper, MSS, British Museum 30188, fol. 350. Court Probate, London, St Barbe).

By his will he makes gifts to the poor of the parishes of St Clement, Jersey, and St Peters (-Port; Guernsey?), "brother Clement Monamy my gowne being black faced with Taffeta" ----- to my sister Parnell (Perronelle) money for "her cloathe towards a black gowne" ----- "To my nephew Edward Gaignepain 10/-", and appoints Peter Beauvoir and William (le) Marchant ----- "supervisors of his will to administer" during the minority of his children -----

André Monamy
Elie Monamy
Marie Monamy &
Elizabeth Monamy

And to act as executors to his will.

André Monamy, the eldest son, born 11th June 1587 seems to have died without children, as the heirs to all the landed property of André Monamy senior was eventually his grandson, André son of his second son Elie Monamy, who had married, 20th November 1611, Susanne, daughter & coheiress of Nicolas Martin of the Grand Bosq, Les Martins, St Sampson's & St Jacques, & his wife Marie Hamellin, daughter of John Hamellin of St Jacques. It was through his mother Susanna Martin that André Monamy the Jurat became possessed of the old house of the Hamellins at St Jacques over whose door the "Monamy Stone" with their arms still exists.

André Monamy, the Jurat, son of Elie and Susanne Martin was born 19th August 1612, and married first 22nd June 1634 Michelle, daughter of John Dobrée and Elizabeth Roland, by whom he had one son, André, born 7 November 1641, who died an infant, after her death he married secondly Anne, daughter of Pierre Le Febvre, de L'Espine, and Catherine, daughter of Nicolas Careye, Seigneur de Blanchelande, by whom he had four children, André, the eldest - born - May 1648, who married Marie, daughter of Elie Le Boutillier, Advocate, and Anne Tramalier, who died without issue some time before 1751, in which year his widow was buried, 27th November 1751. Pierre, the second son, born 7 March 1752 [mistake for 1652, chw], Mary, alive 1680 unmarried, Catherine, who married, 29th December 1685, Henry Perkins, junior, son of Henry Perkins & Marie Hanson, who left an only son Henry who died without issue, of Pierre the second son nothing is known.

André Monamy, son of Elie, was one of the leaders of the Parliamentarian Party in Guernsey during the Civil Wars and Commonwealth. He was one of the twelve Commissioners appointed by Parliament on 23rd March, 1643, who were vested with the governement of Guernsey for a time, who suspended Bailiff John de Quetteville from office in July following. On the dismissal of five of the Jurats for Royalist opinions by order of Parliament in 1658 he was elected Jurat; being in his turn dismissed from the office of Jurat by Charles II at the Restoration, 1660. He died in 1680.

As will have been seen by the above no Monamy owned the old house at St Jacques previous to Elie Monamy son of André, Senior, who inherited it through his wife Susanne Martin, whom he had married in 1611. Neither has any entry been found, so far, recording the marriage of any of the André Monamy's with Rebecca Guille. The date on the stone 1312 is obviously an error as the family was not in existence in Guernsey at that date; an error probably due to the recutting, or repainting, of the inscription.

Much more will come to light on these matters following research carried out by
Mr Graham Guille, of Guernsey.

note on guernsey politics

second note by Colonel de Guérin

MONAMY

This family were of some standing in the Island; the first to settle here was André Monamy of Jersey, son of Etienne, he purchased a house in the High Street in 1569. They afterwards became possessed of the estate of St Jacques by marriage of Elie Monamy 1611 with Susanne daughter & coheiress of Nicholas Martin of the Boscq's St Jacques; and of Marie Hamellin his wife. There are still over the door of old house two stones one bearing their arms the other a sundial with names "André Monamy et Rebecca Guille 1312" from the date, this inscription is either a modern addition of names of some remote ancestor of theirs, or the stones come from an older building.

André Monamy son of Elie, and Susanne Martin was one of the leaders of the Parliamentarian party in Guernsey he being one of the 12 commissioners appointed by the Parliament 23rd March 1643 & vested with the government of Guernsey & who suspended in July of the same year Bailiff de Quetteville in his office; in 1653 he was elected Jurat, on the dismissal of 5 jurats by Order of Parliament. He in his turn being dismissed from being Jurat on the Restoration 1660. - ob. 1680.


More detailed discussion of this tree, here
. Even more details, here.

Excerpt from
Calendar of State Papers of Charles II
1682: [Sept., before the 20th]

Brief on behalf of Samuel Dobree, respondent, against Peter (ie Pierre) Monamy, heir of Andrew (ie André) Monamy, appellant from a judgement of the court of Guernsey, given 8 June 1680, at the Council Board. Setting forth at great length the proceedings in the suit which began 17 March, 1661 [-2], by Samuel putting in suit against Andrew Monamy and Ann Millet, relict of Peter Dobree, deceased, a bill obligatory dated 25 Dec., 1656, by which Andrew Monamy and Peter Dobree promised to pay 3.362 livres, 17 sols, 3 deniers to William Dobree due on balance of accounts, whose assignee Samuel Dobree is. (The suit was finally heard 20 Sept., 1682: see Privy Council Register {P.C.2}, Vol. 69, p.548.) [3 pages, S.P.Channel Islands 1, No. 113].

Case of the above appellant. [Ibid. No. 114.]

Answer on behalf of Samuel Dobree to objections of Peter (ie Pierre) Monamy. [Ibid. No. 115.]

Some observations by way of answer to an unsigned paper lately given in to the Committee for Jersey and Guernsey by Samuel Dobree. (Affixed is a copy of the last paper.) 3 pages. Ibid. No. 116.]

Translation of the above-mentioned bill obligatory. [Ibid. No. 117.]


castle cornet, guernsey

Note on Smuggling

From the 16th to the 19th centuries smuggling appears to have been looked on as a fully legitimate occupation by Channel Islanders. In Jersey in the 18th and 19th Centuries, by A.C.Saunders, Librarian of the Société Jersiaise, published in 1930, he quotes from an article in the Town and Country Magazine, London, April 1774, which he discovered to be of special interest. He notes that "the occupation of the inhabitants of all the Channel Islands was described by the author as similar. 'In war time privateering, in peace time smuggling.'" When I visited Sausmarez Manor in 1980, Mr Cecil de Sausmarez told me that in the past all the inhabitants of Guernsey had been intimately engaged in smuggling. This would not have recommended them to Sir Robert Walpole, who was very keen on his Customs & Excise Bill.


Print and caption initially from Seeds of Liberty, 1688, by John Miller, 1988, p.70
Depiction, a century later, of dedicated disciples of Antonio Ferdinando Carvajal & Samuel Swynock, 1648

Five and twenty ponies,
Trotting through the dark ---
Brandy for the Parson,
Baccy for the Clerk;
Laces for a Lady, Letters for a Spy ----
Them that asks no questions isn't told a lie

Rudyard Kipling (adapted)

Peter Girard's Guernsey, 1986, has a chapter on smuggling, in which he quotes, correctly, from Kipling's A Smugglers' Song. The chapter is an eye-opener. Girard mentions "staggering statistics": in 1798 alone he reveals that Guernsey and Alderney 'traders' had succeeded in depriving the Crown of revenue to a value, at present prices, of approximately £20 million. He also remarks that "there is no doubt at all that smuggling and privateering together brought the island to a previously unknown level of prosperity". Hinting that the practice was only discontinued within living memory, he says that the "social position of the men involved ranged from the highest to the lowest in the island". Despite his short spell in the Gatehouse, Westminster, in the 1670s, Pierre Monamy's Guernsey reputation would not exactly have suffered; but his cover must have been good enough for Colonel de Guérin to assert in 1927 that "of Pierre ..... nothing is known".

The immense importance of smuggling to the Guernsey economy is made very clear by the following excerpt from Smuggling, by David Phillipson, 1973: "Throughout the eighteenth century and well into the nineteenth, the Channel Islands, and Guernsey in particular, were an entrepot for contraband goods. By 1750, virtually the entire economy of the island was built upon the transhipment and warehousing of goods destined for the holds of smuggling craft from the south of England. By ancient charter, Guernsey was exempted from Excise and Custom levies; neither was she bound by the various anti-smuggling statutes in force on the mainland. Lying snug in harbours where the Revenue writ did not run, the smugglers loaded their illicit cargoes into their illegal craft, sometimes masquerading under false colours and noms de guerre as a precaution against Customs spies.

This happy state of affairs was allowed to continue unchecked until 1767, when the British Government established a Custom House at St Peter Port and stationed two revenue cutters there. Their commanders were ordered to ensure that 'no brandies or spirits be imported into or exported from these islands in casks of less than sixty gallons, or in vessels under fifty tons burden.' .....

Such unwonted interference on the part of the central government was not taken too seriously in Guernsey, nor did it continue for long; the cutters were soon withdrawn to perform a more pressing naval function. It was not until 1805, and in the face of much protest from the islanders, that Guernsey and her sister islands were drawn into the ambit of Customs law by Act of Parliament." pp 86-87.
               


From Smuggling Days & Smuggling Ways, 1892, by H.N.Shore
This map popped up again on this site: here. Glad it was of use, but I've now tried to improve it.
               

Note on Piracy

Although smuggling and privateering are not exactly piracy, they're not a million miles from it either. A privateer to one country may be a pirate to another. Guernsey seems to have shared certain of these freewheeling occupations with the Principality of Wales. In Pirates, David Mitchell writes that Wales "was virtually a pirate domain. John Callice, an ex-haberdasher's apprentice from Tintern in Monmouthshire, was an acknowledged virtuoso, plundering freely in the Bristol Channel, around the Scillies, off the coast of East Anglia, and right up to Scotland. Rovers from England, Portugal and France came to Cardiff and Milford Haven ..... In North Wales, Vice-Admiral Sir Richard Bulkeley of Beaumaris frequently entertained pirates of several nationalities in his house." p 38.

more on monamy in guernsey by graham guille

andro monamy: smuggler 1569
andrew monamy: commonwealth revolutionary 1644

st peter's port and castle cornet
back to background

January 2008: For a comprehensive update of Monamy genealogy, with many additional details, and differing in several ways from earlier accounts, see new page. Click.


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